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      PaveDrain: Generation 2 of Permeable Pavement

      Aaron Fisher | March 20, 2022

      In a previous article we spent a bit of time analyzing the failings of brand new, perfectly installed Generation 1 permeable pavement systems. With the arrival of Generation 2 permeable pavement systems better options are commercially available. With 4+ million SF installed, Generation 2 systems are becoming the preferred option of folks looking to finally solve their stormwater problems, while doing less maintenance.

      Generation 1 vs. Generation 2

      Generation 1 permeable pavement systems are conventional paving systems that are made permeable. Small holes in the pavement or joints allow water to percolate into the soil. These systems tend to fail quickly because the small holes clog quickly.

      Generation 2 permeable pavement systems were designed first to handle water and then converted to pavement systems. By embracing water these systems have larger, more direct channels for water to percolate in.

      Advantages of Generation 2 Pavement

      Generation 2 represents a clear step forward in addressing stormwater challenges. Generation 2 systems perform better, require less maintenance, and can be used in all roadway options better addressing the challenge of runoff at its source.

      Generation 1Generation 2
      Traffic RatingLight Car TrafficAll Vehicle Traffic
      Initial Infiltration Rate (in/hr)200-6001,600
      Maintenance Effectiveness (% of Initial Infiltration Restored)20%–50%>90%
      Maintenance IntervalEvery 3 MonthsEvery 24 Months
      Soil LimitationsYesNo
      Lifetime10 years: Asphalt/Concrete
      35 years: Pavers
      35+ years
      Manufacturer WarrantyNoYes

      Pre-Clogging

      Permeable pavers are among the closest analogs to Generation 2 systems. However they differ greatly in how they are constructed. Permeable pavers rely on compression across the surface to make them function. This means ribbon curbs must be placed around the edge and that crushed rock is placed in the joints. These practices best ensure that load forces are distributed across the pavement surface. The filling of joints though significantly limits the speed at which water can infiltrate, and helps accelerate the clogging process. Simply put: material in the joints pre-clogs the joints and makes them fail quicker.

      Generation 1 interlocking permeable pavers are designed to have material in the joint, and will fail quickly without it.

      Model Generation 2 System: PaveDrain

      Initial Performance

      Better design of Generation 2 permeable pavement systems has led to systems that handle water much better. In the two stills below from two separate tests: water runs no more than 3 blocks (3 feet) from where it first hits the surface. The presence of open joints means these systems can take on close to 2,000 in/hr of water. In practice this means that these systems can handle significant amounts of run-on even during very intense storm events (1″-2″ /hr) 100-200:1.

      PaveDrain takes on 550 gallons of water in 75 seconds! (Source: www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWPKYRQY70c)

      The limit of PaveDrain is actually how quickly the fire truck can dump it’s water (Source: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gl1jcK_LyMU)

      Comparative Performance

      The real test of a system isn’t what it does on Day 1 under perfect conditions, but rather what it does 2+ years on. The video below makes it abundantly clear what works best in the field.

      SystemInfiltration Rate (in/hr)
      Permeable Paver (Gen 1)3.2
      Pervious Concrete (Gen 1)2.4
      Porous Asphalt (Gen 1)3.1
      PaveDrain (Gen 2)1,640

      Credit

      Interested in learning about how agencies are crediting these superior systems: click here

      Conclusion

      Time to step up to Generation 2 permeable pavement to better manage your stormwater challenges.

      Interested in learning more about the PaveDrain system?

      VP of Business DevelopmentAaron Fisher

      Location
      MD: Bladensburg (HQ)
      Languages
      English

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